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2020年9月英语四级翻译预测及译文

2020-09-22 12:57:11 来源: 次阅读
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英语四级翻译在四级分值中占15%,与作文分数一致。下面是为大家带来的2020年9月英语四级翻译预测,供参考!

英语四级翻译预测

英语四级翻译预测一:风筝

古时在中国风筝也称作“鸢(hawk ) ”。春秋战国时期(theSpring and Autumn Period ),东周哲人墨子(Mo-tse)曾“费时三年,以木制木鸢,飞升天空”,但这只木鸢只飞了一天就坏了。墨子制造的这只“木鸢”就是世上最早的风筝, 已有2400多年的历史。唐代时,风筝传入朝鲜、日本及其他周边国家。十三世纪末,风筝的故事首次被意大利探险家马可·波罗带到欧洲,至此,中国风筝便逐渐开始传到世界各地。

【四级翻译参考译文】

The Kite

In ancient time, kites were also called “Yuan (ahawk)” in China. In the Spring and Autumn Period, Mo-tse, a philosopher in the Eastern Zhou Dynastyspent three years making a wooden glede that couldfly in the sky, but it broke down only in one day. That wooden glede Mo-tse made has a history of over two thousand and four hundred years, which was claimed to be the first kite in the world. In Tang Dynasty, kites were introduced toKorea, Japan and other surrounding countries. Stories of kites were first brought to Europe byMarco Polo, an Italian adventurer, towards the end of the 13th century. Since then, the Chinesekite was gradually introduced to the whole world.

英语四级翻译预测二:全球变暖

目前,全球变暖是一个热门话题,但是有关全球变暖的各项证据似乎还有些不同的声音。人们现在已经知道,地球的发展经历了很多周期(cycle),尽管在历史上还未出现过像今天这样的时代,即高度工业化(industrialization)产生如此多的污染。全球变暖主要是由于二氧化碳气体(carbon dioxide)的增多。

【四级翻译参考译文】

Global warming

Global warming is the hot topic around the world at this time but, there is also dissention about the evidence being presented to support the argument. The earth is known to go through cycles; although the past has never produced an age of so much industrialization causing the pollution currently being experienced. A major source of the problem is the increase in carbon dioxide levels.

英语四级翻译预测三:中国象棋

中国象棋属于二人对抗战略性棋盘游戏,是最受欢迎的棋盘游戏之一。在中国古代,象棋被列为士大夫们的修身之艺,现在则被视为一种益智的活动。象棋由两人轮流走子,以“将死”对方的将(帅)为胜。象棋棋盘共有64格,中间的“河界”将之分为两个“敌对”的部分。每人各有棋子16枚,包括1枚将、 2枚马、2枚车(chariot)、2枚象(相)、2枚士、2枚炮和5枚丢(pawn )。 一般而言,执红色棋子的一方先走子。

【四级翻译参考译文】

Chinese Chess

Chinese chess, known as Xiangqi, is a strategyboard game for two players. It is one of the mostpopular board games. In ancient China, Chinesechess used to be listed as a way for scholar-officialsto cultivate their moral characters, while now it's regarded as a kind of activities to developintelligence. The two players move by turn in the game with the objective of checkmatingthe opponent's general or king. The board itself has 64 squares and has a “river” in the middlethat divides the board into two opposing parts. Each player has 16 pieces, including 1 general(king), 2 horses, 2 chariots, 2 elephants (bishops), 2 guards, 2 cannons and 5 pawns. Generallyspeaking, the player with the red pieces moves first.

四级翻译常用词汇句型

1)It is+形容词+that

It is conceivable that knowledge plays an important role in our life.

可想而知,知识在我们的一生中扮演着一个重要的角色。

2)It is+形容词+to do/ doing

She had said what it was necessary to say.

她已经说了一切有必要说的话。

3)祈使句/名词+and/ or

Work hard, and you will finally be able to reach your destination.

努力工作,你就能实现自己的目标。

4)as+many/ much+名词+as

It is said that visitors spend only half as much money in a day in Leeds as in Lon-don.

据说,游客每天在利兹的花销仅为在伦敦的一半。

5)倍数词+as+形容词+as

The reservoir is three times as big as it was ten years ago.

这个水库的面积是十年前三倍。

6) 倍数词+ more +名词/形容词十than

Smoking is so harmful to personal health that it kills seven times more people each year than automobile accidents.

吸烟对人体健康的危害极大,每年死于吸烟的人比死于车祸的人多七倍。

7)(not)as/ so...as(和……(不)一样)

The environmental problems are not as serious as they suggested in their report.

环境问题没有他们在报告中说得那么严重。

8)no more...than(与……一样不)

She is no more fit to be a manager than a schoolgirl would be

一个女学生固然不宜当经理,她也同样不宜。

9)Nothing is more...than(没有比……更……的;……是最……的)

Nothing is more important thanto receive education.

没有比接受教育更重要的事。

10)感官动词+of+名词

They hurriedly escaped into a cave that smelt of terror.